With FileVault 2, your data is safe and secure — even if your Mac falls into the wrong hands. FileVault 2 encrypts the entire drive on your Mac, protecting your data with XTS-AES 128 encryption. And on Mac systems with an Apple T2 Security Chip, FileVault 2 keys are created and protected by the Secure Enclave for even more security. Mnemosyne is written in Python, which allows for its use on Microsoft Windows, Linux, and Mac OS X. A client program for review on Android devices is also available but needs to be synchronized by the desktop program. Users of the software usually make their own database of cards, although pre-made Mnemosyne databases are available.
|February 8, 2006; 14 years ago
|Windows, Linux, macOS, Android
|Accelerated Learning & Memory Software
|AGPL v3 (except sync client), LGPL v3 (sync client)
Mnemosyne (named for the Greek goddess of memory, Mnemosyne) is a line of spaced repetition software developed from 2003 until the present. Spaced repetition is an evidence-based learning technique that has been shown to increase the rate of memorization.
- Spacing algorithm based on an early version of the SuperMemo algorithm, SM-2, with some modifications that deal with early and late repetitions.
- Supports pictures, sound, video, HTML, Flash and LaTeX
- Portable (can be installed on a USB stick)
- Categorization of cards
- Learning progress statistics
- Stores learning data (represented as decks of cards that each have a question and an answer side) in '.mem' database files, which are interoperable with a number of other spaced repetition applications
- Review cards on Android devices.
- Synchronization between other machines
Each day, the software displays each card that is scheduled for repetition. The user then grades their recollection of the card's answer on a scale of 0–5. The software then schedules the next repetition of the card in accordance with the user's rating of that particular card and the database of cards as a whole. This produces an active, rather than passive, review process. The rationale behind this approach is that (because of the spacing effect), over time, the number of repetitions done per day is reduced, increasing the rate of recall (when compared to passive learning techniques), with minimal time spent learning.
Mnemosyne is written in Python, which allows for its use on Microsoft Windows, Linux, and Mac OS X. A client program for review on Android devices is also available but needs to be synchronized by the desktop program. Users of the software usually make their own database of cards, although pre-made Mnemosyne databases are available, and it is possible to import SuperMemo collections and text files. SQLite is used by the program to store files. Imports of flashcard databases from Anki, as well as databases from older versions of Mnemosyne are possible.
Mnemosyne collects data from volunteering users, and is a research project[clarification needed] on long-term memory.
An August 2009 version of the dataset was made available via BitTorrent; a January 2014 version is available for download. Otherwise, the latest version is available from the author, Peter Bienstman, upon request.
- ^'Files'. Sourceforge. Retrieved 11 July 2020.
- ^Smolen, Paul; Zhang, Yili; Byrne, John H. (25 January 2016). 'The right time to learn: mechanisms and optimization of spaced learning'. Nature Reviews Neuroscience. 17 (2): 77–88. arXiv:1606.08370. Bibcode:2016arXiv160608370S. doi:10.1038/nrn.2015.18. PMC5126970. PMID26806627.
- ^SM-2 Optimization of learning, Master's Thesis, University of Technology in Poznan, 1990 and adapted for publishing as an independent article on the web. (P.A.Wozniak, May 10, 1998)
- ^'Principles', The Mnemosyne Project, retrieved June 3rd, 2008
- ^Announcement; torrent index
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mnemosyne (software).
- Mnemosyne project website
- Review of Mnemosyne and comparison with Anki and SuperMemo (Q1-Q2 2008)
- Review of Mnemosyne at foolsworkshop.com
- Review of Mnemosyne and comparison with Anki (Q1 2009)
- David Harding (2009). 'Mnemosyne and Anki'. Ubuntu User magazine article.
Mnemosyne Word Cards
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