Timber cruising applications. The following tools are available for taking sample measurements of a stand to estimate the amount of standing timber. Cubic cruise - save these files to your computer: click the link, then click save Form Correction Data Collection; Variable Plot Spreadsheet. Mar 19, 2017 Timber Cruise is a professional level timber cruise. Create a countdown clock and embed it in your website. That's why all our countdowns are pre-rendered by our team of Mac Yardi provides integrated property management software and investment management solutions for all real estate verticals allowing owners, managers. Haglof Management Systems and the Timber Cruise Suite HMS is a SQL-based database management program that facilitates organizing and reporting your TCruise data. HMS also includes a simple Mapping program that allows a user to digitize on layers, calculate acres, allocate plots, clip photos and create cruise packages for Trimble's Solo Forest.
Forest inventory is the systematic collection of data and forest information for assessment or analysis. An estimate of the value and possible uses of timber is an important part of the broader information required to sustain ecosystems. When taking forest inventory the following are important things to measure and note: species, diameter at breast height (DBH), height, site quality, age, and defects. From the data collected one can calculate the number of trees per acre, the basal area, the volume of trees in an area, and the value of the timber. Inventories can be done for other reasons than just calculating the value. A forest can be cruised to visually assess timber and determine potential fire hazards and the risk of fire. The results of this type of inventory can be used in preventive actions and also awareness. Wildlife surveys can be undertaken in conjunction with timber inventory to determine the number and type of wildlife within a forest. The aim of the statistical forest inventory is to provide comprehensive information about the state and dynamics of forests for strategic and management planning. Merely looking at the forest for assessment is called taxation.
Surveying and taking inventory of trees originated in Europe in the late 18th century out of a fear that wood (the main source of fuel) would run out. The first information was organized into maps used to plan out usage. In the early 19th century forest harvesters estimated the volume and dispersal of trees within smaller forests with their eyes. More diverse and larger forests were divided into smaller sections of similar type trees that were individually estimated by visual inspection. These estimates were related together to figure out the entire forest’s available resources. As the 19th century progressed so did the measurement techniques. New relationships between diameter, height, and volume were discovered and exploited. These newfound relationships allowed for a more accurate assessment of wood types and yields of much larger forests. By 1891, these surveys were conducted through sample-based methods involving statistical averages and more sophisticated measuring devices were implemented. In the 20th century, the statistical method of sampling had become well established and commonly used. Further developments, such as unequal probability sampling, arose. As the 20th century progressed, an understanding of co-efficients of error became clearer and the new technology of computers combined with the availability of aerial as well as satellite photography, further refined the process. Laser Scanning both terrestrially and aerially are now used alongside more manual methods. As a result, sampling accuracy and assessment values became more accurate and allowed for modern practices to arise.
A forest inventory does not only record the trees height, DBH and number for tree yield calculations. It also records the conditions of the forest, which might include (for example) geology, site conditions, tree health and other forest factors.
A timber cruise is a sample measurement of a stand used to estimate the amount of standing timber that the forest contains. These measurements are collected at sample locations called plots, quadrants, or strips. Each of these individual sample areas is one observation in a series of observations called a sample. These sample areas are generally laid out in some random fashion usually in the form of a line plot survey. Depending on the size of the plot and the number of plots measured, the data gathered from these plots can then be manipulated to achieve varying levels of certainty for an estimate that can be applied to the entire timber stand. This estimate of stand conditions, species composition, volume and other measured attributes of a forest system can then be used for various purposes. For example, in British Columbia the sale of Crown timber is a business proposition and both the buyer and the Ministry of Forests and Range (seller) must know the quantity and the quality of timber being sold. Generally a timber cruise includes measurements or estimates of timber volume by forest product sort (and sometimes grade), log defect, and log lengths, whether the estimates are made in the field or using computer software.
Plots are samples of the forest being inventoried and so are selected according to what is looked for.
Simple random sampling: A computer or calculator random number generator is used to assign plots to be sampled. Here random means an equal chance of any plot being selected out of all of the plots available. It does not mean haphazard. Often it is modified to avoid sampling roads, ensure coverage of unsampled areas and for logistics of actually getting to the plots.
Systematic sampling: Commonly this is done by a random point and then laying a grid over a map of the area to be sampled. This grid will have preassigned plot areas to be sampled. It means more efficient logistics and removes some of the human bias that may be there with simple random sampling.
Systematic stratified sampling: The most common type of inventory is one that uses a stratified random sampling technique. In includes first grouping by age classes or soil characteristics or slope elevation. And then plots are chosen from each grouping by another sampling technique. It requires some knowledge of the land first and also trust that the groupings have been done properly. In forestry it may be done to separate plantation areas from mixed forest for example and reduce the amount of sampling time needed.
Systematic clustered sampling: When it is not possible to make strata for stratified sampling, there may be some knowledge about the forest where it can be said that small groupings are possible. These small groupings of plots if they are near to each other form a cluster. These clusters are then randomly sampled with the belief that they are representing the actual mix of the forest. As they are close to each other there is less walking needed and so it is more efficient.
Types of sample plots
In a fixed radius plot, the forester finds the center of a plot and every tree within a certain fixed distance away from that point is measured. Sample measurements are taken so that they are a fraction of the entire timber stand. This means that the numbers are all proportional to the actual stand values and that by multiplying by the correct corresponding value you can obtain the actual tract values. These plots are taken randomly so that each sample point has an equal probability of being included in the random sample. Often, circular plots are used because it only requires measuring the radius. Commonly, tenth acre plots are used (37.2ft radius).
A variable size plot is more dependent of the size of the trees. The tract is measured on a series of points and the trees are tallied for being in or out depending on their size and location relevant to the plot center. Usually an angle gauge, wedge prism, Tunagmetor, or Relascope are used to gather data for this type of plot. This allows for a very quick estimate of the volume and species of a given tract.
Transects are arbitrarily determined lines (to prevent sampling bias) through a stand employed as a linear form of sample plot. They are sometimes referred to as 'strip lines.'
The amount of standing timber that a forest contains is determined from:
- Age class (Size class). This is a misnomer as in German it is Wuchsklass (Growth class) and properly should be the size of the tree (Size class), which may be limited by shade over it and not necessarily the biological and thus physiological age of the tree. This distinction is important if tree growth over time is expected by an owner or forester to produce timber, as a small old tree will grow differently from a small young tree. Commonly these age classes are split into: Seedling, Sapling, Pole, Mature Tree (subdivided into Weak wood, Middle wood and Strong wood stages), Old / Senescent Tree. Sometimes it is called size class or a cohort. There are differences between countries and forests.
- Basal area – defines the area of a given section of land that is occupied by the cross-section of tree trunks and stems at their base
- Diameter at breast height (DBH) – measurement of a tree's girth standardized with different countries having different standards they are often at 1.3 meters (about 4.5 feet) above the ground
- Form factor – the shape of the tree, based on recorded trees and commonly then given for calculating tree volumes for a given species. It is usually related to DBH or age class. It is distinct from taper. So it can be conical or paraboloid for example.
- Girard form class – an expression of tree taper calculated as the ratio of diameter inside the bark at 16 feet above ground to that outside bark at DBH, primary expression of tree form used in the United States
- Quadratic mean diameter – diameter of the tree that coordinates to the stand's basal area
- Site index – a species specific measure of site productivity and management options, reported as the height of dominant and co-dominant trees (site trees)in a stand at a base age such as 25, 50 and 100 years
- Tree taper – the degree to which a tree's stem or bole decreases in diameter as a function of height above ground. So it can be sharp or gradual.
- Stocking – a quantitative measure of the area occupied by trees relative to an optimum or desired level of density, which will vary according to management purpose
- Stand Density Index – a measure of the stocking of a stand of trees based on the number of trees per unit area and DBH of the tree of average basal area, based on historical records and is particular to site type and species
- Volume table – a chart based on volume equations that uses correlations between certain aspects of a tree to estimate the standing volume
- Stand density management diagram – model that uses current stand density to project future stand composition
Volume can be calculated from the metrics recorded in a plot sample. For example, if a tree was measured to be 20m tall and with a DBH of 19 cm using previous measured tree data a volume could be approximated according to species. Such a table has been constructed by Josef Pollanschütz in Austria.
Volume of tree = BA X h x f pollanschutz
So f pollanschütz would be derived from the table and is properly called the Form Factor.
To scale this up to a hectare level the result would have to be multiplied by the number of trees of that size. This is called the blow up factor.
Tools used in inventory
- Biltmore stick – utilizes ocular trigonometry to quickly measure diameter and height Figure demonstrating the ocular trigonometric principles behind the Biltmore stick.
- Diameter tape – cloth or metal tape that is wrapped around the bole, scaled to diameter
- Tree caliper – two prongs connected to a measuring tape or stick are placed around the most average part of the bole to determine diameter
- Relascope – multiple-use tool that is able to find tree height, basal area, and tree diameter anywhere along the bole
- Clinometer – common tool used to measure changes in elevation and tree height
- Cruising rod – used to estimate the number of pieces of lumber yielded by a given piece of timber
- LASER Scanner used with computer software to calculate the metrics from the collected data by use of Lidar.
- Wedge prism – a small glass wedge that refracts light to create visible offsets in order to be able to choose which trees at a sampling point should be included in the sample.
- Data collector – an electronic device used to quickly enter sample data, geo-locate the data, and, in more modern times, to also access reference, web and historic materials while timber cruising.
- Increment borer – a device used to retrieve a cylindrical sample of wood material orthogonally from the stem while doing as little damage as possible to the remaining tissues.
In 2014, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and partners, with the support of the Government of Finland, launched Open Foris – a set of open-source software tools that assist countries in gathering, producing and disseminating reliable information on the state of forest resources. The tools support the entire inventory lifecycle, from needs assessment, design, planning, field data collection and management, estimation analysis, and dissemination. Remote sensing image processing tools are included, as well as tools for international reporting for REDD+ MRV and FAO's Global Forest Resource Assessments.
- Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD)
- Inventaire forestier national(in French) (National forest inventory)
- ^L. J. Moores; B. Pittman; G. Kitchen (1996), 'Forest ecological classification and mapping: their application for ecosystem management in Newfoundland', Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 39 (1–3): 571–577, doi:10.1007/bf00396169
- ^Gray, H.R. (1956). 'The form and taper of forest-tree stems'(PDF). Imperial Forestry Institute Paper No. 32, University of Oxford.Cite journal requires
- ^Gerald E Hoyer. 'Tree Form Quotients as Variables in Volume Estimation'(PDF). United States Department of Agriculture.Cite journal requires
- ^'Treemetrics.com Treemetrics Cutting Edge Forest Optimization'. Treemetrics. 2013-01-22. Retrieved 2013-10-04.
- ^'Forest Metrix – Forest Inventory and Timber Cruise Software'. Forestmetrix.com. 2013-06-16. Retrieved 2013-10-04.
- ^'Keepers of Prometheus: The World's Oldest Tree'. UANews. Retrieved 2013-10-04.
Cruise Control is a very useful application that allows you to generate automate responses to your emails in a snap. For every email you receive you can generate an appropriate, detailed and personalized response. First, you can specify the salutation and signature you want to display for every message.
- Publisher: Xequte Software
- Home page:www.xequte.com
- Last updated: May 9th, 2010
Heuristic Solutions Timber Cruise
Heuristic Solutions Timber Cruise program accepts data from plot, point, double point, or segmented strip cruises of stratified, or non-stratified tracts, and prepares reports by product shown volumes, sampling errors, and the sample sizes required to achieve stated levels of precision. Volume reports by product and dbh class are optionally available.
- Publisher: Haglof Managment Systems
- Last updated: October 27th, 2011
Vacation Adventures: Cruise Director
Vacation Adventures: Cruise Director is a hidden object game in which you will spend an adventurous summer working as a Cruise Director, in charge of the Americas Cruise on the super-luxurious S.S. Liberty of the Waves. You can visit the pyramids, collect souvenirs, go on helicopter rides and glass bottomed boat tours.
- Publisher: Casual Arts
- Home page:www.casual-arts.com
- Last updated: April 6th, 2015
WOODexpress. Structural Timber design software. A program for design and dimensioning of timber components, and timber roofs according to Eurocode 5 (EC5). In a graphic environment you design roof trusses and elements of timber structures. WOODexpress simplifies all the repetitive and time-consuming every day calculations for timber elements and timber roofs.
- Publisher: RUNET
- Home page:www.runet-software.com
- Last updated: September 19th, 2011
ForestCalc Standard includes the following parameters in customisable database tables:-Currency unit, 2nd currency unit (optional), and a conversion factor between these units (optional).-Tree species codes (number or text), names (local and botanical).-Timber volume functions (3 function groups). The program uses equation parsing in solving the functions.
- Publisher: ForestCalc Consulting Oy
- Last updated: November 29th, 2011
Dlubal RX-TIMBER 64-bit
RX-TIMBER is a DLUBAL program family that meets specific demands in timber engineering. With the programs included in the RX-TIMBER package you can design glued-laminated beams, continuous beams, columns, frames, purlins and bracings. The governing result combinations are created automatically with the add-on module RF-COMBI that is integrated in RX-TIMBER.
Press Ctrl + Print Screen (Print Scrn) by holding down the Ctrl key and then pressing the Print Screen key. Click the Start button, located on the lower left-hand side of your desktop. Click on All Programs. Click on Accessories. Click on Paint. Fast screenshot of selected area Our app allows you to select any area on your desktop and take its screenshot with 2 button-clicks. Easy-to-use application Simple and intuitive user interface makes your work with the app easier and faster. Dec 03, 2019 Print Screen Options on Mac. On Mac OS X, there are more advanced print screen features. In fact, there are three methods you can use to take a screenshot of your Mac: Take a screenshot of the full screen. Take a screenshot of a selected part of the screen. Take a screenshot of a chosen application. May 13, 2010 Command+Shift+3: takes a screenshot of the full screen (or screens if multiple monitors), and save it as a file to the desktop Command+Shift+4: brings up a selection box so you can specify an area to take a screenshot of, then save it as a file to the desktop Command+Shift+4, then spacebar, then click a window: takes a screenshot of a window only and saves it as a file to the desktop. Sep 13, 2019 There are some exceptions but almost all Windows keyboards have “Print screen” button somewhere. Unfortunately, there is no such button on your Mac but it doesn’t mean that you can’t take a screenshot, you can but the process is a bit more complicated, harder to memorize but is much more flexible when it comes to output and what you are.
- Publisher: Dlubal Software GmbH
- Home page:www.dlubal.com
- Last updated: March 22nd, 2015
LigniKon is a professional 3D-CAD timber construction app.Main features:- Construction of individual timber construction projects e.g. carport, wood deck, pergola, pavilion, summer house, etc.- Construction of standard roof framework and timber constructions.
- Publisher: Weto AG
- Home page:www.weto-software.com
- Last updated: January 27th, 2016
Hyne Timber Design
Hyne Timber Design is a software tool for structural timber design. The program delivers innovative design procedures, a powerful graphical interface, and the ability to command complex load functions. It also provides reporting and certification for the end user.
- Publisher: Hyne & Son Pty. Ltd.
- Home page:www.hyne.com.au
- Last updated: July 18th, 2017
CCTray is an optional utility for use with the CruiseControl.NET Continuous Integration server. It provides feedback upon build progress, and allows control over some of the server's operations.Main Features:- Force a build from any PC (when the CruiseControl.NET server is sleeping).- Audio and visual feedback upon completion of builds, indicating success or failure.
- Publisher: ThoughtWorks
- Last updated: May 2nd, 2015
CruiseControl.NET is an Automated Continuous Integration server, implemented using the Microsoft .NET Framework.The Server automates the integration process by monitoring the team's source control repository directly. Every time a developer commits a new set of modifications, the server will automatically launch an integration build to validate the changes.
- Publisher: ThoughtWorks
- Last updated: May 2nd, 2015
Intel Desktop Control Center
Intel Desktop Control Center lets you tune, cool, and maximize performance of your Intel Extreme Series Desktop Board. Integrated auto-tuning makes system optimization easy while maintaining system stability. With this program, you can monitor and adjust the voltages, temperatures, and fan speeds in realtime.
- Publisher: Intel
- Home page:www.intel.com
- Last updated: June 15th, 2020
VAIO Control Center
VAIO Control Center lets you manage all the hardware settings of your VAIO laptop. With this program, you can select the charge level (50%, 80%, or 100%) of battery, switch on/off keyboard back-light, etc. You can also decide whether the USB port should be powered (to charge your phone, for example) while the laptop is in sleep mode.
- Publisher: Sony Corporation
- Home page:esupport.sony.com
- Last updated: June 24th, 2020
CopyTrans Control Center
The CopyTrans suite of tools covers a wide range of features to manage all content stored on your Apple devices from your PC. In order to download and install these tools, first you will need to have CopyTrans Control Center installed on your PC. This free utility is not only the only entrance to all CopyTrans tools, but a useful little management program to keep them constantly up to date.
Timber Cruise Software For Mac Pro
- Publisher: WindSolutions
- Home page:www.copytrans.net
- Last updated: May 16th, 2016
X-Mouse Button Control
X-Mouse Button Control lets you customize mouse buttons with application specific behaviors. In games which do not natively support extended mouse buttons, you can map keys to each button. You can change the behaviour of the mouse over certain windows, e.g. make a mouse wheel change its volume when you hover over the system tray.
Timber Cruise Cost
- Publisher: Phillip Gibbons (Highresolution Enterprises)
- Home page:www.highrez.co.uk
- Last updated: May 4th, 2020
Dolby Control Center
Dolby Control Center is a user-friendly interface to configure and control enhanced Dolby Listening Experience.Features:- Interactive surround sound controls make fine tuning easy- Visually displays the active speakers- Designed for Microsoft Vista- 2' and 10' user interface
- Publisher: Intel Corporation
- Last updated: February 17th, 2012
Lenovo Motion Control
Lenovo Motion Control is a free program that brings you the gesture recognition technology. The Lenovo Motion Control suppots the following apps:- Windows Media Player- Windows Media Player Classic- Windows Live Gallery- Picasa- Windows Photo Viewer- Adobe Reader- Microsoft PowerPoint.
Timber Cruise Software For Mac Free
- Publisher: Lenovo
- Last updated: May 21st, 2014
HDMI Control Manager
HDMI Control Manager sits in your tray and manages your HDMI connections. The application will start automatically when you plug an HDMI cable into your laptop then a window will pop-up asking you to configure the newly detected device and configure it properly.
- Publisher: TOSHIBA
- Home page:support.toshiba.com
- Last updated: February 24th, 2012
Ashampoo HDD Control
Computers usually warn us about an imminent drive failure either when it’s already too late or at the point when most of our data has become irrecoverable. Ashampoo HDD Control offers you a useful alternative, providing you extensive and detailed information about the health of all your drives, be them standard internal hard disks, SSDs, external hard disks, or even USB Flash drives.
- Publisher: ashampoo GmbH & Co. KG
- Home page:www.ashampoo.com
- Last updated: May 18th, 2017